Getting Started

To learn more about ENA as a technique and a tool, you may want to start with the following publications:

Shaffer, D.W.  Quantitative Ethnography.

Shaffer, D.W., Collier, W., & Ruis, A.R.  A tutorial on epistemic network analysis: Analyzing the structure of connections in cognitive, social, and interaction data

Shaffer, D.W. & Ruis, A.R.  Epistemic network analysis: A worked example of theory-based learning analytics.

Preparing Your Data

For a detailed guide to data formatting, see:

Shaffer, D.W. Formatting Data for Epistemic Network Analysis.

To learn more about how data formatting relates to ENA analyses, see:

Siebert-Evenstone, A.L., Arastoopour Irgens, G., Collier, W., Swiecki, Z., Ruis, A.R., & Shaffer, D.W. In search of conversational grain size: Modelling semantic structure using moving stanza windows.

Worked Examples

Quardokus Fisher, K. Hirshfield, L., Siebert-Evenstone, A., Arastoopour, G., & Koretsky, M.  Network analysis of interactions between students and an instructor during design meetings

Wooldridge, A.R, Carayon, P., Shaffer, D.W., & Eagan, B. Quantifying the qualitative with epistemic network analysis: A human factors case study of task-allocation communication in a primary care team.

Eagan, B., & Hamilton, E. Epistemic Network Analysis of an International Digital Makerspace in Africa, Europe, and the US

Andrist, S., Collier, W., Gleicher, M., Mutlu, B., & Shaffer, D.W. Look together: analyzing gaze coordination with epistemic network analysis.

R Package 

Looking for more ENA functionality, or want to do your analyses in R? Get the rENA package here.